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光伏整县推进参考资料:工商业光伏开发全流程

光伏整县推进参考资料:工商业光伏开发全流程
整县推进工作如火如荼,小盒子给大家找到了一份关于工商业光伏开发全流程的资料,供大家参考学习。
01前期开发阶段:1 )寻找项目资源;2) 业主初步沟通;3 )前期资料收集;4) 现场踏勘;5 )技术方案测算;6) 确定开发意向;7) 签订相关协议;
1寻找项目资源,可被开发的光伏项目资源,工业园区/开发区,商业区,大型工矿企业,国家级高新技术产业园,地方高新技术产业园,物流园,保税区经济开发区,污水处理厂等工业厂房,宾馆饭店,写字楼,体育场馆,
机场,火车站,大型商业中心,商超等商业设施,分布式光伏开发应遵循,“因地制宜、清洁高效、分散布局、就近利用”的原则.
2初步沟通,与厂区业主建立联系,针对厂区情况、屋顶结构、用电水平等基本问题进行访谈,确定合作意愿和用能需求。过资料与卫星图,考察了以下几方面,判断项目的可行性。•考察企业属性(国有企业、上市企业、知名外企)、资信是否良好、经营状况及收入是否稳定、无不良记录。•考察建筑物产权是否独立清晰(房产证、土地证、建设规划许可证原件),房屋产权是否质押。•考察屋面结构(混凝土、彩钢瓦)、屋顶使用年限和面积(至少2万平米以上)。•考察用电特性、分时用电电量、用电电价、电压等级、变压器容量。•考察屋顶周围是否有遮挡或有高楼建设规划、建筑物周边是否有气体或固体污染物排放。•考察业主的合作意愿,初步沟通合作模式(自发自用、余电上网)。
3前期资料收集清单:建筑物业主的营业执照;拟建光伏厂房房产证;拟建光伏厂房土地证;拟建光伏厂房建设规划许可证,屋顶已使用年限,彩钢瓦铺设时间,彩钢瓦厚,彩钢瓦类型 ,彩钢瓦颜色;
用电情况:电费结算单(最近连续至少12个月的电费清单)
4现场实地踏勘:完成项目初步评估后,EPC团队对目标企业进行了拜访踏勘。利用无人机航拍建模,对比建筑图纸与实际是否一致,还对厂房的内部结构和屋顶情况进行复核和拍照。
屋顶现有设施情况:商业区,屋顶障碍物:气楼、采光带、女儿墙等。周围遮挡物:屋顶周围是否有遮挡有高楼建设规划。配电柜、一二次仓、箱变等安装: 位置,业主同意后,在总平图中标出位置。
确定电缆敷设路径,并在总平图中标出位置。
光伏接入系统方面,其他方面,并网点位置、电压等级、变压器容量、断路器品牌及大小、进出线开关柜品牌及型号、无功补偿容量及情况。
厂房内物品类型,贵重程度如何。是否有清洗光伏系统的水源点。
5技术方案测算:评估企业整体运营情况,及确定采用的合作模式。
项目评估的重点:建筑产权,及使用权,
• 建筑物屋顶产权清晰;• 所有权方及使用权方是否一致认可项目建设 ;• 业主方能否为项目提供相应的便利条件 ;• 建筑屋顶所有权年限及寿命大于25年;
建筑物结构形式:• 委托原屋顶设计单位或第三方机构进行屋顶荷载计算,并出具满足光伏安装条件的证明;• 建筑结构能否加固,评估加固的难度及成本;
屋面(防水处理)
• 屋面防水形式及老化程度• 评估防水修复的难度及成本
项目投资(经济性)
• 项目合作模式,• 项目经济性是否可行
其他事项• 分布式光伏的接入距离;• 现场施工难易难度等;
6 确立开发意向,与企业业主积极沟通,签订协议,进入项目备案阶段。
02项目备案阶段
1)发改委项目备案;:获得县、区发改委项目备案
分布式电源项目申请表或项目申请报告,包含项目实施地点、投资资金来源、收益情况简单说明、业主情况等。
企业投资项目:备案表,公司资料、企业法人营业执照等,固定资产投资,项目节能登记表_
项目投资资料 :屋顶(建筑物)产权证明、业主授权材料(例如 屋顶租赁合同)、售电协议等,屋顶(建筑物)材料,屋顶平面图、屋顶安全承载能力证明材料(由资质的设计单位出具)等。

2电网公司接入批复:获得县、区电网公司接入批复
资料名称,分布式电源项目申请表,包含项目实施地点、投资资金来源、收益情况简单 说明、业主情况等,
企业资料:经办人身份证及复印件、法人委托书原件、企业法人营业执照等,发电项目前期资料,房产证或土地证、屋顶租赁协议、售电协议、屋顶抗压及屋顶面积可行性证明、资金证明等。
发改委备案批复文件:用户电网相关资料及系统接入报告;
供电局受理并网申请:免费制定接入方案,出局接网意见函。
主要电气设备一览表:及主要设备技术参数和型式认证报告;包括:光伏组件、逆变器、变压器等设备(并网设备选型应符合国家安全、节能、环保要求)。
03设计施工阶段:拿到备案与接入批复后,EPC与企业确定设计方案,项目顺利进场开工,施工图设计,建设实施(1.现场测绘、地勘、勘界、提出设计要求;2.接入系统报告编制并上会评审出施工图、蓝图;3.各专业进行图纸绘制(结构、土建、电气等);4.现场技术交流;5.送出线路初设可研评审上会, 出具电网接入意见;6.设备采购;7.光伏系统建设工作;8.所有设备电气连接及保护调试、监控安装等9.并网前单位工程调试报告/记录发电系统无力试运行;10,.网前单位工程验收报告/记录
04并网验收阶段
工商业光伏项目一般分为3个阶段,第1阶段进行项目评估与合同签订,第2阶段办理备案与接入手续,第3阶段建设并网。
01.项目业主向电网公司提出并网验收和调试申请
02.电网公司受理并网验收和调试申请
03.与电网签订购售电合同和并网调度协议
04.安装关口电能计量装置
05.完成并网验收及调试
06.项目并网运行

Photovoltaic county to promote reference materials: industrial and commercial photovoltaic development process

The whole county to promote the work in full swing, small box to everyone to find a full process of industrial and commercial photovoltaic development information for your reference.

01 Early development stage: 1) Looking for project resources;2) Initial communication with the owner; 3) Early data collection;4) Site survey;5) Technical scheme calculation; 6) Determine the development intention;7) Sign relevant agreements;

1. Look for project resources, photovoltaic project resources that can be developed, industrial parks/development zones, business districts, large industrial and mining enterprises, national high-tech industrial parks, local high-tech industrial parks, logistics parks, bonded economic development zones, sewage treatment plants and other industrial plants, hotels, restaurants, office buildings, sports venues,

The development of commercial facilities such as airports, railway stations, large commercial centers and super stores should follow the principle of "adapting measures to local conditions, clean and efficient, scattered layout and nearby utilization".

2. Conduct preliminary communication, establish contact with factory owners, conduct interviews on factory conditions, roof structure, electricity consumption level and other basic issues, and determine cooperation intention and energy demand. Through the data and satellite images, the following aspects were investigated to judge the feasibility of the project.• Inspect enterprise attributes (state-owned enterprises, listed enterprises, well-known foreign enterprises), good credit, stable operating conditions and income, and no bad records. • Inspect whether the property rights of the building are independent and clear (real estate certificate, land certificate, original construction planning permit), and whether the property rights of the building are pledged. • Inspect roof structure (concrete, colored steel tile), roof service life and area (at least 20,000 square meters).• Inspect power consumption characteristics, time-sharing electricity quantity, electricity price, voltage grade and transformer capacity. • Check whether there is shelter around the roof or high-rise construction plans, and whether there are gas or solid pollutant emissions around the building.• Inspect the cooperative intention of the owner, and communicate the cooperation mode preliminally (self-use, surplus electricity online).

3. Preliminary data collection list: business license of building owner;Property certificate of proposed PHOTOVOLTAIC workshop; Land certificate for the proposed PHOTOVOLTAIC workshop;Proposed photovoltaic plant construction planning permit, the roof has been used for life, color steel tile laying time, color steel tile thickness, color steel tile type, color steel tile color;

Electricity usage: Electricity statement (electricity bills for at least 12 consecutive months)

4. Site visit: after the completion of the preliminary assessment of the project, the EPC team visited the target enterprise. Uav aerial modeling was used to compare whether the architectural drawings were consistent with the actual situation, and the internal structure and roof of the workshop were reviewed and photographed.

Existing roof facilities: business district, roof barriers: air tower, lighting belt, parapet, etc.Surrounding shelter: Whether there is shelter around the roof and high-rise construction planning. Installation of power distribution cabinet, primary and secondary warehouse, box transformer, etc. : location, with the consent of the owner, the location shall be marked on the general drawing.

Determine cable routing and mark the location on the general drawing.

Photovoltaic access system, other aspects, and network location, voltage level, transformer capacity, circuit breaker brand and size, incoming and outgoing switch cabinet brand and model, reactive power compensation capacity and situation.

The type and value of articles in the factory.Is there a water source for cleaning the PV system?

5. Calculation of technical scheme: evaluate the overall operation of the enterprise and determine the cooperation mode to be adopted.

Key points of project evaluation: building property rights and use rights,

• Clear ownership of the building roof;• Whether the owner and the user agree to the project construction; • Whether the owner can provide appropriate convenience for the project;• The ownership life and life of the roof of the building is greater than 25 years;

Building structure :• Entrust the original roof design unit or a third party organization to calculate the roof load, and issue a certificate meeting the photovoltaic installation conditions; • Whether the building structure can be strengthened, and assess the difficulty and cost of strengthening;

Roofing (waterproof treatment)

• Form of roof waterproofing and degree of aging • Assess the difficulty and cost of waterproofing repair

Project investment (economy)

• Project cooperation mode; • Whether the project is economically feasible

• Access distance of distributed pv;• The difficulty of site construction;

6. Establish the development intention, actively communicate with the enterprise owner, sign an agreement, and enter the project record stage.

02 Project filing stage

1) Project filing by NDRC;: Obtained the project record of county and district Development and Reform Commission

Distributed power supply project application form or project application report, including project implementation place, source of investment funds, brief description of income, owner information, etc.

Enterprise investment items: record form, company information, business license of enterprise legal person, fixed assets investment, project energy saving registration form

Project investment materials: roof (building) property rights certificate, owner authorization materials (such as roof lease contract), electricity sales agreement, roof (building) materials, roof plan, roof safety bearing capacity certification materials (issued by qualified design units), etc.

Access approval from power grid companies: Access approval from county and district power grid companies is obtained

Name of materials, application form of distributed power supply project, including project implementation place, source of investment funds, brief description of income, owner information, etc.

Enterprise information: id card and copy of the operator, original power of attorney of legal person, business license of enterprise legal person, etc., pre-project information of power generation project, property ownership certificate or land certificate, roof lease agreement, electricity sales agreement, roof pressure and roof area feasibility certificate, capital certificate, etc.

Approval documents of NDRC for record: user power grid related information and system access report;

The power supply bureau accepts the application for network connection: free of charge to formulate access scheme, outgoing access letter.

List of main electrical equipment: and main equipment technical parameters and type certification report;Including: photovoltaic modules, inverters, transformers and other equipment (the selection of grid-connected equipment should meet the requirements of national security, energy saving and environmental protection).

03 Design and construction stage: after receiving the record and access approval, EPC and the enterprise shall determine the design scheme, and the project shall enter the site and start work smoothly. Construction drawing design and construction implementation (1). Site surveying and mapping, geological prospecting, demarcation and putting forward design requirements;2. Prepare access system reports and review construction drawings and blueprints; 3. Drawing of various majors (structure, civil engineering, electrical, etc.);4. On-site technical communication; 5. Opinions on power grid access will be issued on the preliminary feasibility study review of the outgoing lines;6. Equipment procurement; 7. Photovoltaic system construction;Electrical connection, protection, debugging, monitoring and installation of all equipment 9. Commissioning report/record of unit project before grid connection; 10. Pre-network unit project acceptance report/record

04 Grid connection acceptance Stage

Industrial and commercial photovoltaic projects are generally divided into three stages. The first stage is for project evaluation and contract signing, the second stage is for filing and access procedures, and the third stage is for grid connection.

01. The project owner applies for grid-connection acceptance and commissioning to the power grid company

02. The power grid company shall accept the application for grid connection acceptance and commissioning

03. Sign power purchase and sale contract and grid connection scheduling agreement with power grid

04. Install power metering devices at gateways

05. Complete grid connection acceptance and debugging

06. The project is connected to the network


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