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光伏发电国家政策补贴2021年:中央预算提前下达22.8亿元补贴!

       国家政策利好,光伏发电国家政策补贴2021年:中央预算提前下达22.8亿元补贴! 中央预决算公开平台日前发布《财政部关于提前下达2022年可再生能源电价附加补助地方资金预算的通知》(以下简称《通知》),总计下达新能源补贴资金38.7亿元。其中,光伏补贴金额最高,为22.8亿元。
作为新能源的重要组成部分,近年来光伏发电强势 “出圈”。公开数据显示,2015年-2020年,我国光伏发电累计装机容量从4318万千瓦增长至25300万千瓦,增长近6倍,稳居全球第一;光伏累计发电量超过1300亿千瓦时,减少二氧化碳排放约1亿吨。国家政策一再加持,光伏发电项目成头号“网红”
       光伏发电,特指采用光伏组件,将太阳能直接转换为电能的发电系统,可以替代和减少化石能源消费,是一种环境友好型“零碳电源”。加快光伏发电项目建设并网,既有利于缓解我国电力供需紧张形势,也有助于完成能耗双控目标,促进能源低碳转型。为规范和促进光伏产业健康发展,2013年,国务院办公厅下发了《国务院关于促进光伏产业健康发展的若干意见》,开启了光伏市场的新纪元。意见提出到2015年总装机容量达到3500万千瓦以上。此后几年,光伏发展一路高歌猛进。前瞻产业研究院的公开数据显示,到2015年底,我国光伏发电累计装机容量已达4318万千瓦,超过了之前提出的装机目标。
      2016年,国家能源局下发《太阳能发展“十三五”规划》提出,到2020年底,太阳能发电装机达到1.1亿千瓦以上。此后,2017年-2020年,相关部门多次发布文件支持光伏产业发展。截至2020年底,我国光伏发电累计装机容量达2.4亿千瓦左右,远超“十三五”规划目标。在光伏发电规模屡超预期的基础上,“十四五”开局之年,我国又密集发布了一系列政策,构建以新能源为主体的新型电力系统,确保先立后破,促进新能源发电项目有序较快发展。
      7月,国家发展改革委、国家能源局发布《关于加快推动新型储能发展的指导意见》,支持以新能源为主体的新型电力系统建设,保障风光等可再生能源高效消纳。
而根据《关于2021年新能源上网电价政策有关事项的通知》,今年 8月1日起,我国推动部分光伏项目实现了平价上网。
       9月,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅印发《关于深化生态保护补偿制度改革的意见》,“建立和完善绿色电力生产、消费证书制度”纳入其中,对保障用户购买绿电的可行性、可溯性具有重要意义。同月,我国推动开展绿色电力交易试点。
         近日,国家能源局综合司发布《关于推进2021年度电力源网荷储一体化和多能互补发展工作的通知》,将“一体化”项目的审批权限下放到各省份,要求各省优先实施存量燃煤自备电厂电量替代、风光水火(储)一体化提升。在政策的大力支持下,长期以来作为替代能源主力军的光伏发电项目跻身一跃,俨然成为能源行业的头号“网红”。676个试点整县推进分布式光伏,首期100GW风光大基地项目开建
        9月,国家能源局公布了676个整县(市、区)屋顶分布式光伏开发的试点名单。根据要求,试点县(市、区)的党政机关建筑屋顶总面积可安装光伏发电比例不低于50%;学校、医院、村委会等公共建筑屋顶总面积可安装光伏发电比例不低于40%;工商业厂房屋顶总面积可安装光伏发电比例不低于30%;农村居民屋顶总面积可安装光伏发电比例不低于20%。
       据了解,分布式光伏发电是光伏发电的一种模式。其特点是投资小、建设快,主要在建筑物表面建造,总占地面积小。其不仅能就近消纳,余量还可以并网销售,市场空间较大。国家能源局信息显示,今年前三季度,我国光伏发电新增并网容量达2555.6万千瓦,其中,分布式光伏占比约64%,为1640.6万千瓦。
推动建设分布式光伏,温州走出了先手棋。11月10日,温州发布消息称,将于12月1日起正式实施《温州市制造业千企节能改造行动方案(2021-2023)》。方案提出,到2023年新建工业厂房安装分布式光伏比例达到100%,争取企业厂房安装光伏发电装机容量达40万千瓦以上。
        记者发现,浙江有30个县(市、区)被列入分布式发电开发试点,其中,温州市所辖的5个县均在试点名单内。“浙江省是经济大省,而温州市工业企业聚集,温州企业加快以分布式光伏为主的新能源发展有其必要性。”华北电力大学能源互联网研究中心主任曾鸣教授表示,光伏发电在全国都能推广,有效扩大光伏装机规模,对实现双碳目标意义重大。10月12日,在《生物多样性公约》第十五次缔约方大会领导人峰会上,我国宣布,第一期装机容量约1亿千瓦(100GW)的大型风电光伏基地项目已于近期有序开工。
在政策的积极引导下,光伏发电的市场需求正在快速释放。不少企业看准了这一块“大蛋糕”,纷纷布局上下游各环节。企查查统计数据显示,我国现存光伏发电相关企业已高达20.03万家。仅今年前8月,新增的光伏发电相关企业就高达4.01万家。按照《通知》,2022年,我国仍将有22.8亿元用于光伏发电补贴。根据实际情况,各地光伏发电相关补贴也将或多或少有所延续,此时 “上车”者仍能赶上一波政策红利。

Favorable national policies, photovoltaic power generation national policy subsidies 2021: the central budget issued in advance 2.28 billion yuan subsidies!The Central budget and final accounts open platform recently issued the Notice of the Ministry of Finance on Allocating in advance the Budget of Local Funds for Additional Subsidies for Renewable Energy Electricity Prices in 2022 (hereinafter referred to as the Notice), allocating a total of 3.87 billion yuan of new energy subsidies. Among them, photovoltaic subsidies amount to the highest, 2.28 billion yuan.

As an important part of new energy, photovoltaic power generation in recent years strong "out of the circle".Public data show that from 2015 to 2020, China's cumulative installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation increased from 43.18 million kilowatts to 253 million kilowatts, an increase of nearly six times, firmly ranked first in the world; Pv has generated more than 130 billion KWH of electricity and reduced co2 emissions by about 100 million tons.National policies continue to support, photovoltaic power generation projects become the number one "Internet celebrity"

Photovoltaic power generation, especially refers to the use of photovoltaic modules, directly convert solar energy into electricity power generation system, can replace and reduce fossil energy consumption, is an environmentally friendly "zero-carbon power source". To speed up the construction of photovoltaic power generation projects connected to the grid will not only help ease the tight situation of power supply and demand in China, but also help achieve the dual control target of energy consumption and promote the low-carbon energy transition.In order to standardize and promote the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, The General Office of the State Council issued several Opinions of The State Council on Promoting the Healthy Development of the Photovoltaic Industry in 2013, opening a new era of the photovoltaic market. According to the guideline, the total installed capacity should reach over 35 million kw by 2015.In the years since, photovoltaic has been on a tear. By the end of 2015, China's cumulative installed pv capacity had reached 43.18 million kilowatts, exceeding the previously proposed installation target, according to public data from the Qianzhan Industry Research Institute.

In 2016, the 13th Five-Year Plan for Solar Energy Development issued by the National Energy Administration proposed that by the end of 2020, the installed solar power generation capacity will reach more than 110 million kW. Since then, from 2017 to 2020, relevant departments have issued several documents to support the development of the photovoltaic industry.By the end of 2020, China's cumulative installed pv capacity reached about 240 million kw, far exceeding the target of the 13th Five-Year Plan. On the basis of the scale of photovoltaic power generation exceeding expectations repeatedly, in the first year of the 14th Five-Year Plan, China has issued a series of policies to build a new power system with new energy as the main body, to ensure the establishment of the first before breaking, and promote the orderly and rapid development of new energy power generation projects.

In July, the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration issued the Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Development of New Energy storage, supporting the construction of new power systems dominated by new energy and ensuring the efficient consumption of renewable energy such as solar energy.

According to the notice on 2021 new energy tariff policy related matters, since August 1 this year, China has promoted some photovoltaic projects to achieve parity online.

In September, the General Offices of the CPC Central Committee and The State Council issued the Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Ecological Protection Compensation System, which included "establishing and improving the certificate system of green electricity production and consumption", which is of great significance to ensure the feasibility and traceability of users' purchase of green electricity. In the same month, China promoted green electricity trading pilot projects.

The National Energy Administration (NEA) recently issued a notice on promoting the Integration of Charge storage and Multi-energy Complementary Development of power Source networks in 2021, delegating the approval authority of "integration" projects to provinces, requiring them to give priority to the replacement of existing coal-fired power plants and the integration of scenic water, fire and storage. Under the strong support of the policy, the photovoltaic power generation project, which has been the main force of alternative energy for a long time, has become the number one "net celebrity" in the energy industry. Distributed pv was promoted in 676 pilot counties, and the first phase of 100GW scenic base project was started

In September, the National Energy Administration announced a list of 676 pilot projects for rooftop distributed photovoltaic (PV) development in whole counties, cities and districts. According to the requirements, the total roof area of party and government buildings in the pilot county (city, district) can be installed pv power generation proportion of no less than 50%; Schools, hospitals, village committees and other public buildings roof area can be installed pv power generation proportion of no less than 40%;The total roof area of industrial and commercial workshop can be installed pv power generation proportion is not less than 30%; The proportion of photovoltaic power generation installed on the total roof area of rural residents should not be less than 20%.

It is understood that distributed photovoltaic power generation is a mode of photovoltaic power generation.It is characterized by small investment and fast construction. It is mainly built on the surface of buildings and covers a small area. It can not only be consumed nearby, the margin can also be connected to the network for sales, the market space is larger.Information from the National Energy Administration shows that in the first three quarters of this year, China's new grid-connected photovoltaic power generation capacity reached 25.556 million kW, of which distributed photovoltaic accounted for about 64%, 16.406 million kW.

Promote the construction of distributed photovoltaic, Wenzhou out of the first chess.On November 10, Wenzhou announced that it will officially implement the "Wenzhou Manufacturing Industry energy saving Transformation Action Plan (2021-2023)" from December 1. The plan proposes that by 2023, the proportion of distributed photovoltaic installed in new industrial plants will reach 100%, and the installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation in enterprise plants will reach more than 400,000 kW.

Reporters found that Zhejiang has 30 counties (cities, districts) were included in the distributed generation development pilot, among them, wenzhou city under the jurisdiction of 5 counties are in the pilot list. "Zhejiang province is a big economic province, and wenzhou industrial enterprises gather, Wenzhou enterprises speed up the development of distributed photovoltaic based new energy has its necessity." Professor Zeng Ming, director of the Energy Internet Research Center at North China Electric Power University, said photovoltaic power generation can be promoted across the country, effectively expanding the installed scale of photovoltaic, which is of great significance to achieve the dual carbon goal.China announced on Oct. 12 at the 15th summit of the conference of the parties (cop15) of the convention on biological diversity (CBD) that the first phase of a large-scale wind photovoltaic (pv) base project with an installed capacity of about 100 million kilowatts (100GW) has been started in an orderly way.

Under the active guidance of the policy, the market demand for photovoltaic power generation is rapidly released.Many enterprises see this piece of "big cake", have layout of the upstream and downstream links. Statistics show that China's existing photovoltaic power generation related enterprises have been as high as 20,300. In the first eight months of this year alone, 40,100 new photovoltaic power generation related enterprises were established. According to the circular, China will still spend 2.28 billion yuan on photovoltaic power generation subsidies in 2022. According to the actual situation, the relevant subsidies of photovoltaic power generation will be more or less continued, and those who "get on the bus" can still catch a wave of policy dividends.

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