自发自用，余量上网”是指 2022年， 自4年前，俄罗斯在乌克兰顿巴斯地区发动战争以来，能源安全和独立在乌克兰的议程上已经占据了更高的位置。
Energy security and independence have moved higher up Ukraine's agenda since Russia launched a war in the Donbas region four years ago.
Until 2014, Ukraine relied heavily on Russia as a supplier of natural gas. In
recent years, Ukraine has turned to strengthening its own renewable energy development, and the photovoltaic market is growing rapidly. From
January to October 2021, Ukraine's renewable energy generation increased by more than 10% year-on-year to 10 billion kilowatt hours. Among
them, photovoltaic power generation accounted for 60.4%, ranking first.
According to external network data, as of July 2021, Ukraine's cumulative total photovoltaic installed capacity reached 7.74GW, including ground installed capacity of 6.4GW and household installed capacity of 933MW.
In fact, household photovoltaic power stations are favored by Ukrainians.
As of July 1, 2021, 35,400 homes in Ukraine were using photovoltaic power, with a total installed capacity of 933MW, according to the latest data from Ukraine's State Agency for Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation.
The top 3 regions in pv installed capacity are Nipropetrovsk region (5706 households with a total capacity of 141MW), Ternopil region (2788 households with a total capacity of 79MW) and Kiev region (2718 households with a total capacity of 78MW).
In addition to household pv, Ukraine also has many large ground power plants, among which the largest ground power plant in Europe is also located in Ukraine.
On November 18, 2019, Ukraine's largest photovoltaic power station was connected to the grid, with a total installed capacity of 323MW and an area of 437 hectares. A total of 873,756 photovoltaic panels were used, and the module supplier was Dongfang Rison. From the start of
the project to the formal grid connection, the project only took eight months to complete, setting a new record in the new energy cooperation between China and Ukraine.
On April 19, 2019, a large-scale photovoltaic ground power station in Ukraine built by a Chinese company was officially connected to the grid, with an installed capacity of 200MW. Trina Solar is one of the component suppliers. The project uses 750,000 photovoltaic panels, and the annual electricity generation is expected to meet the electricity demand of 140,000 households and reduce 300,000 tons of carbon dioxide emissions.
Ukraine, as an emerging GW pv market, provides business opportunities for many domestic pv enterprises. Some
domestic listed enterprises have business in Ukraine.
Currently, affected by the situation in Russia and Ukraine, which pv companies have business in Ukraine? What's the impact? According
to the small box, the latest response of some photovoltaic enterprises is summarized as follows:
In Ukraine, besides photovoltaic, wind power is also a field of cooperation with Chinese enterprises.
In July 2021, Goldwind announced that the company's holding subsidiary Goldwind Ukraine and AIP and APE signed the "Unit Quality Assurance Operation and Maintenance Service Agreement" with a term of 25 years respectively, and Goldwind Ukraine will provide the unit quality assurance operation and maintenance service.
In view of the situation in Russia and Ukraine, Goldwind technology said that the company has not invested in wind farms in Ukraine, only orders for complete machines. The company is currently in Ukraine unit product sales orders, according to the normal schedule of delivery,
has not been affected. In addition, the company has no fixed asset investment in Ukraine, so there
is no investment risk.
In addition, Longyuan has a wind power project in Ukraine, generating 28,777 MEGAwatt hours in January 2022. It is reported that Ukraine Yuzhine wind power project is located in Odessa, southwestern Ukraine, with a total installed capacity of 76.5MW, 17 wind turbines,
and a total planned investment of 925.03 million yuan.
Ukraine's large land area and climate are very suitable for the development of renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic and wind power. Studies by the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences show that 90 percent of Ukraine's energy could come from renewable sources with proper investment. But, for now, everything is not clear.
Finally, the little box wanted to say, in war there is only suffering, no victory, and may the world be in peace.