国家高新技术企业你身边的太阳能发电站源头厂家

产品中心 解决方案 经销代理 工程案例

行业动态
冰火两重天,乌克兰光伏市场现状!

自发自用,余量上网”是指 2022年, 自4年前,俄罗斯在乌克兰顿巴斯地区发动战争以来,能源安全和独立在乌克兰的议程上已经占据了更高的位置。
2014年前,乌克兰严重依赖俄罗斯作为天然气供应国。近年,乌克兰转向加强本国可再生能源发展,光伏市场正在迅速增长。2021年1月至10月,乌克兰可在生能源发电量同比增长超10%,达到100亿千瓦时。其中, 光伏发电占比60.4%,位居第一位。
据外网数据,截至2021年7月,乌克兰累计光伏总装机量达7.74GW,其中,地面装机6.4GW, 户用装机933MW。
事实上,户用光伏电站备受乌克兰市民青睐。
据乌克兰国家能源效率与节能署最新数据,截至2021年7月1日,乌克兰有3.54万个家庭使用光伏发电,装机总容量达933MW。
光伏装机容量排名前3的地区,分别为聂伯罗彼得罗夫斯克地区(5706户,总容量141MW)、Ternopil地区(2788户,总容量79MW)和基辅地区(2718户,总容量78MW)。
除了户用光伏,乌克兰还拥有不少大型地面电站,其中,欧洲最大地面电站也在乌克兰当地。
2019年11月18日,乌克兰最大光伏电站并网发电,装机总容量为323MW,占地437公顷。共使用873,756块光伏板,组件供应商为东方日升,从项目开工到正式并网,该电站仅仅历时8个月工期,开创了中乌两国新能源领域合作的新纪录。
2019年4月19日,由中企承建的乌克兰大型光伏地面电站正式并网发电,装机容量200MW,组件供应商之一为天合光能,该项目共使用75万块光伏板,每年发电量预计可满足14万家庭的用电需求,可减少30万吨二氧化碳排放。
乌克兰作为新兴的GW级光伏市场,给国内不少光伏企业提供了商机。国内部分上市企业在乌克兰均有业务。
目前,受俄乌局势影响,哪些光伏企业在乌克兰当地有业务?有什么影响?据小盒子整理,部分光伏企业最新回应汇总如下:
在乌克兰,除了光伏,风电也是与中国企业合作较多的领域。
2021年7月,金风科技公告,公司下属控股子公司金风乌克兰与AIP和APE分别签署期限为25年的《机组质保运维服务协议》,由金风乌克兰为其提供机组质保运维服务。
针对俄乌局势,金风科技表示,公司在乌克兰没有投资风电场,只有整机产品订单。公司目前在乌克兰机组产品销售订单,按照正常计划进行交付,未受到影响。此外,公司在乌克兰没有固定资产投资,不存在投资类风险。
另外,龙源电力在乌克兰有在运风电项目,2022年1月份发电量达28777兆瓦时。据悉,乌克兰尤日内风电项目位于乌克兰西南部敖德萨州,总装机容量为76.5MW,使用17台风机,项目计划总投资92503万元。
乌克兰的大片土地面积和气候,非常适宜发展光伏、风电等可再生能源,乌克兰国家科学院的研究表明,通过适当的投资,乌克兰90%的能源可能来自可再生能源。但是,从现在局势来说,一切还不明朗。
最后,小盒子想说,在战争中,只有苦难,没有胜利,惟愿世界和平。

Energy security and independence have moved higher up Ukraine's agenda since Russia launched a war in the Donbas region four years ago.  

Until 2014, Ukraine relied heavily on Russia as a supplier of natural gas.  In recent years, Ukraine has turned to strengthening its own renewable energy development, and the photovoltaic market is growing rapidly.  From January to October 2021, Ukraine's renewable energy generation increased by more than 10% year-on-year to 10 billion kilowatt hours.  Among them, photovoltaic power generation accounted for 60.4%, ranking first.  

According to external network data, as of July 2021, Ukraine's cumulative total photovoltaic installed capacity reached 7.74GW, including ground installed capacity of 6.4GW and household installed capacity of 933MW.  

In fact, household photovoltaic power stations are favored by Ukrainians.  

As of July 1, 2021, 35,400 homes in Ukraine were using photovoltaic power, with a total installed capacity of 933MW, according to the latest data from Ukraine's State Agency for Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation.  

The top 3 regions in pv installed capacity are Nipropetrovsk region (5706 households with a total capacity of 141MW), Ternopil region (2788 households with a total capacity of 79MW) and Kiev region (2718 households with a total capacity of 78MW).  

In addition to household pv, Ukraine also has many large ground power plants, among which the largest ground power plant in Europe is also located in Ukraine.  

On November 18, 2019, Ukraine's largest photovoltaic power station was connected to the grid, with a total installed capacity of 323MW and an area of 437 hectares.   A total of 873,756 photovoltaic panels were used, and the module supplier was Dongfang Rison. From the start of the project to the formal grid connection, the project only took eight months to complete, setting a new record in the new energy cooperation between China and Ukraine.  

On April 19, 2019, a large-scale photovoltaic ground power station in Ukraine built by a Chinese company was officially connected to the grid, with an installed capacity of 200MW. Trina Solar is one of the component suppliers. The project uses 750,000 photovoltaic panels, and the annual electricity generation is expected to meet the electricity demand of 140,000 households and reduce 300,000 tons of carbon dioxide emissions.  

Ukraine, as an emerging GW pv market, provides business opportunities for many domestic pv enterprises.  Some domestic listed enterprises have business in Ukraine.  

Currently, affected by the situation in Russia and Ukraine, which pv companies have business in Ukraine?  What's the impact?  According to the small box, the latest response of some photovoltaic enterprises is summarized as follows:  

In Ukraine, besides photovoltaic, wind power is also a field of cooperation with Chinese enterprises.  

In July 2021, Goldwind announced that the company's holding subsidiary Goldwind Ukraine and AIP and APE signed the "Unit Quality Assurance Operation and Maintenance Service Agreement" with a term of 25 years respectively, and Goldwind Ukraine will provide the unit quality assurance operation and maintenance service.  

In view of the situation in Russia and Ukraine, Goldwind technology said that the company has not invested in wind farms in Ukraine, only orders for complete machines.   The company is currently in Ukraine unit product sales orders, according to the normal schedule of delivery, has not been affected.  In addition, the company has no fixed asset investment in Ukraine, so there is no investment risk.  

In addition, Longyuan has a wind power project in Ukraine, generating 28,777 MEGAwatt hours in January 2022.  It is reported that Ukraine Yuzhine wind power project is located in Odessa, southwestern Ukraine, with a total installed capacity of 76.5MW, 17 wind turbines, and a total planned investment of 925.03 million yuan.  

Ukraine's large land area and climate are very suitable for the development of renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic and wind power. Studies by the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences show that 90 percent of Ukraine's energy could come from renewable sources with proper investment.   But, for now, everything is not clear.  

Finally, the little box wanted to say, in war there is only suffering, no victory, and may the world be in peace.  


返回
列表
上一条

光伏组件基本面跟踪

下一条

光伏的未来在哪里?